Results tagged “cognitive” from onegoodmove

Cognitive Bias Song

Did You Know?

I'm currently reading Why We Make Mistakes: How We Look Without Seeing, Forget Things in Seconds, and Are All Pretty Sure We Are Way Above Average and ran across a couple of items I think you might find of interest. Since so many of you seem to currently be either teachers or students, you may want to consider this argument. He believes, and provides some pretty persuasive evidence that if you are considering changing an answer the odds are two to one that if you change it you will change it from wrong to right. I won't go into much detail, but one of the reasons we are reluctant to change is one of regret. Apparently, we feel worse if we proactively do something and it turns out wrong than if we do nothing with the same result. That sounds right to me. There was another bit of trivia I gleaned from the book that may contain a part of the reason that the home team in sporting events has a higher winning percentage. Studies show that teams that wear black get called with more fouls and that the fouls are considered more severe than teams that wear white. How about that? I haven't finished reading the book yet, but based on what I've read so far I'm giving it a couple of thumbs up.

Cognitive Dissonance

Go Ahead, rationalize. Monkeys Do It, Too.
For half a century, social psychologists have been trying to figure out the human gift for rationalizing irrational behavior. Why did we evolve with brains that salute our shrewdness for buying the neon yellow car with bad gas mileage? The brain keeps sending one message — Yesss! Genius! — while

our friends and family are saying,

“Well... ”

This self-delusion, the result of what’s called cognitive dissonance, has been demonstrated over and over by researchers who have come up with increasingly elaborate explanations for it. Psychologists have suggested we hone our skills of rationalization in order to impress others, reaffirm our “moral integrity” and protect our “self-concept” and feeling of “global self-worth.”

If so, capuchin monkeys are a lot more complicated than we thought. Or, we’re less complicated. In a paper in Psychological Science, researchers at Yale report finding the first evidence of cognitive dissonance in monkeys and in a group in some ways even less sophisticated, 4-year-old humans.
Related: Mistakes Were Made (But Not by Me): Why We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful Acts