A general rule is applied when circumstances suggest that an
exception to the rule should apply.
- The law says that you should not travel faster than 50
kph, thus even though your father could not breathe, you
should not have travelled faster than 50 kph.
- It is good to return things you have borrowed. Therefore,
you should return this automatic rifle from the madman you
borrowed it from. (Adapted from Plato's Republic, Book I).
Identify the generalization in question and show that it is not
a universal generalization. Then show that the circumstances
of this case suggest that the generalization ought not to apply.
26 May 1995 / 06 January 1996